Michael Lapidge, Abbreviations for Sources and Specifications of Standard Editions for Sources, Compiled for Fontes Anglo-Saxonici and Sources of Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture (Binghamton, 1988):


Abbreviations for SASLC Entries:


AC Angus Cameron, “A List of Old English Texts,” in A Plan for the Dictionary of Old English, ed. Roberta Frank and Angus Cameron (Toronto, 1973), pp 27–306; updated on the DOE website: <www.doe.utoronto.ca/st/index.html>

ACO Acta Conciliorum Oecumenicorum, ed. Eduard Schwartz, Johannes Straub, and Rudolf Schieffer, 4 vols in 15 (Berlin and Leipzig, 1914–82)

AF The Homiliary of Alan of Farfa, as reconstructed by Réginald Grégoire, Homéliaires liturgiques médiévaux: Analyse de manuscrits, Biblioteca degli “Studi Medievali” 12 (Spoleto, 1980), pp 127–221 [cited by pars and no.]

AG Hans-Josef Klauck, Apocryphal Gospels: An Introduction, trans. Brian McNeil (London, 2003)

AH Analecta Hymnica Medii Aevi, ed. Guido Maria Dreves and Clemens Blume, 55 vols (Leipzig, 1886–1922)

ANRW Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung, ed. Joseph Vogt, Hildegard Temporini, and Wolfgang Haase (Berlin and New York, 1972– )

ANT J. K. Elliott, The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation (Oxford, 1993)

AOT H. F. D. Sparks, The Apocryphal Old Testament (Oxford, 1984)

AS Acta Sanctorum, ed. Socii Bollandiani, 1st ed., 71 vols (Antwerp and Brussels, 1643– 1940); reprinted in 65 vols (Brussels, 1965–70)

ASL Michael Lapidge, The Anglo-Saxon Library (Oxford, 2006) [In the case of reprinted booklists, see ML]

ASM Helmut Gneuss and Michael Lapidge, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A Bibliographical Handlist of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Toronto Anglo-Saxon Series 15 (Toronto, 2014) [cited by no.]

ASMMF Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile, ed. A. N. Doane, Matthew Hussey, and Phillip Pulsiano, 12 vols to date (Tempe, AZ, 1994– )

ASPR Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records, ed. G. P. Krapp and E. V. K. Dobbie, 6 vols (New York, 1931–53)

BaP Bibliothek der angelsächsischen Prosa, ed. Christian W. M. Grein, Richard P. Wülker, and Hans Hecht, 13 vols (Kassel, 1872–1933)

BCLL Michael Lapidge and Richard Sharpe, A Bibliography of Celtic-Latin Literature 400–1200 (Dublin, 1985) [cited by no.]

BEASE The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Michael Lapidge, John Blair, Simon Keynes, and Donald Scragg (Oxford, 1999)

BEH Bibliography of English History to 1485, ed. Edgar B. Graves (Oxford, 1975)

BHG François Halkin, Bibliotheca Hagiographica Graeca, 3rd ed., Subsidia Hagiographica 8a (Brussels, 1951); Auctarium, Subsidia Hagiographica 47 (1969); Novum Auctarium, Subsidia Hagiographica 65 (1984) [cited by no.]

BHL [Bollandists], Bibliotheca Hagiographica Latina, 2 vols, Subsidia Hagiographica 6 (Brussels 1898–1901); Novum Supplementum, ed. Henrik Fros, Subsidia Hagiographica 70 (1986) [cited by no.]

BHLms Michel Trigalet, François De Vriendt, et al., Index analytique des Catalogues de manuscrits hagiographiques latins publiés par les Bollandistes (Louvain-la-Neuve, 1998), published online at: <bhlms.fltr.ucl.ac.be/>

BHM Bernard Lambert, Bibliotheca Hieronymiana Manuscripta: La tradition manuscrite des oeuvres de Saint Jérôme, 4 vols in 7, Instrumenta Patristica 4 (Steenbrugge, 1969–72) [cited by no.]

Bischoff, Katalog Bernhard Bischoff, Katalog der festländischen Handschriften des neunten Jahrhunderts (mit Ausnahme der wisigotischen). Teil I: Aachen–Lambach; Teil II: Laon–Paderborn, ed. Birgit Ebersperger, Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für die Herausgabe der mittelalterlichen Bibliothekskataloge Deutschlands und der Schweiz, 2 vols to date (Wiesbaden, 1998–2004) [vol 3 (Padua–Zwickau) is in preparation]

BKE J. D. A. Ogilvy, Books Known to the English, 597–1066, Medieval Academy of America Publications 76 (Cambridge, Mass., 1967)

BKE Add. J. D. A. Ogilvy, “Books Known to the English: Addenda et Corrigenda,” Mediaevalia 7 (1984 for 1981): 281–325; reprinted in Old English Newsletter Subsidia 11 (Kalamazoo, Mich., 1985)

BLS Butler’s Lives of the Saints, ed. Herbert Thurston and Donald Attwater, 4 vols (New York, 1963)

BPR Lorenzo DiTommaso, A Bibliography of Pseudepigrapha Research 1850–1999, Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha, Supplement Series 39 (Sheffield, 2001)

BSS Bibliotheca Sanctorum, ed. Filippo Caraffa et al., 13 vols (Rome, 1961–70); 4th ed. of vol 13 (1998); Prima appendice (1987); Seconda appendice (2000)

CALMA Compendium Auctorum Latinorum Medii Aevi, ed. Michael Lapidge, Gian Carlo Garfagnini, Claudio Leonardi, with Lidia Lanza, Rosalind Love, and Simona Polidori (Florence, 2000– ) [cited by no.]

CANT Maurits Geerard, Clavis Apocryphorum Novi Testamenti (Turnhout, 1992) [cited by no.]

CAVT Jean-Claude Haelewyck, Clavis Apocryphorum Veteris Testamenti (Turnhout, 1998) [cited by no.]

CCCM Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis (Turnhout, 1966– )

CCSA Corpus Christianorum, Series Apocryphorum (Turnhout, 1983– )

CCSL Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina (Turnhout, 1953– )

CLA E. A. Lowe, Codices Latini Antiquiores, 11 vols (Oxford, 1934–66); Supplement (1971); 2nd ed. of vol 2 (1972) [cited by vol and no.]

CPG Maurits Geerard, Clavis Patrum Graecorum, 5 vols (Turnhout, 1974–87); vol 6Supplementum (1998) [cited by no.]

CPL Eligius Dekkers, Clavis Patrum Latinorum, 3rd ed. (Turnhout, 1995) [cited by no.]

CPPM Johannes Machielsen, Clavis Patristica Pseudepigraphorum Medii Aevi, 1A–B: Homiletica (Turnhout, 1990); 2A: Theologica, Exegetica; 2B: Ascetica, Monastica (1994); 3A: Artes Liberales (2003) [cited by vol and no.]

CSEL Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum (Vienna, 1866– )

CSGL Clavis Scriptorum Graecorum et Latinorum, ed. Rodrigue LaRue et al., 10 vols (Trois-Rivières, Canada, 1996– ) [cited by no.]

CSLMA Marie Hélène Jullien and Françoise Perelman, Clavis Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi. Auctores Galliae 735–987. 1: Abbo Sangermanensis–Ermoldus Nigellus (Turnhout, 1994); 2: Alcuin (1999)

DACL Dictionnaire d’archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie, ed. Fernand Cabrol and Henri Leclercq, 15 vols in 30 (Paris, 1907–53)

DB Dictionary of the Bible, ed. James Hastings, 4 vols and an extra vol (New York, 1900–05)

DECL Dictionary of Early Christian Literature, ed. Siegmar Döpp and Wilhelm Geerlings, trans. Matthew O’Connell (New York, 2000)

DHGE Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. A. Baudrillart, A. de Meyer, É. Van Cauwenbergh, and R. Aubert (Paris, 1912– )

DIP Dizionario degli istituti di perfezione, ed. Guerrino Pelliccia and Giancarlo Rocca, 9 vols (Rome, 1974–88)

DMA Dictionary of the Middle Ages, ed. Joseph R. Strayer, 12 vols and Index (New York, 1982–89); Supplement 1, ed. William Chester Jordan (2004)

DNP Der neue Pauly: Enzyklopädie der Antike, ed. Hubert Cancik, Helmuth Schneider, and Manfred Landfester, 16 vols (Stuttgart, 1996–2003)

DOE Dictionary of Old English, ed. A. diPaolo Healey et al. (Toronto, 1994– )

DS Dictionnaire de spiritualité ascétique et mystique, doctrine et histoire, ed. Marcel Viller, Charles Baumgartner, and André Rayez, 16 vols in 22 and Tables générales (Paris, 1937–95)

DTC Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. A. Vacant, E. Mangenot, and E. Amann, 15 vols (Paris, 1908–50); Tables générales, ed. B. Loth and A. Michel (1953–72)

EEC Encyclopedia of the Early Church, ed. Angelo Di Berardino, trans. Adrian Walford, 2 vols (New York, 1992)

EEMF Early English Manuscripts in Facsimile, 29 vols (Copenhagen, 1951–2002)

EETS Early English Text Society
  • ES Extra Series
  • OS Original Series
  • SS Supplementary Series

EHD English Historical Documents. I. c. 500–1042, ed. Dorothy Whitelock, 2nd ed. (London, 1979)

GCS Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten [drei] Jahrhunderte (Leipzig, 1897– )

GL Grammatici Latini, ed. Heinrich Keil, 8 vols (Leipzig, 1857–80; reprinted Hildesheim, 1981)

HBS Henry Bradshaw Society (London, 1891– )

HG Helmut Gneuss, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100, Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies 241 (Tempe, Ariz., 2001) [cited by no.]: this reference is now superseded by ASM.

HLLA Handbuch der lateinischen Literatur der Antike, ed. Reinhart Herzog and P. L. Schmidt, Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft 8 (Munich, 1989– ). 1: Die archaische Literatur: Von den Anfängen bis Sullas Tod: die vorliterarische Periode und die Zeit von 240 bis 78 v. Chr., ed. Werner Suerbaum (2002); 4: Die Literatur des Umbrauchs: von der römischen zur christlichen Literatur, 117 bis 284 v. Chr., ed. Klaus Sallmann (1997); 5: Restauration und Erneurung: Die lateinische Literatur von 284 bis 374 N. Chr., ed. Reinhart Herzog (1989) [cited by author no.]

HLW Richard Sharpe, A Handlist of the Latin Writers of Great Britain and Ireland before 1540, Publications of the Journal of Medieval Latin 1 (Turnhout, 1997); Additions and Corrections (2002) [cited by no.]

IASIM Thomas H. Ohlgren, Insular and Anglo-Saxon Illuminated Manuscripts: An Iconographic Catalogue (New York, 1986)

ICL Dieter Schaller and Ewald Könsgen, Initia Carminum Latinorum Saeculo Undecimo Antiquiorum (Göttingen, 1977) [cited by no.]

ICVL Hans Walther, Initia Carminum ac Versuum Medii Aevi Posterioris Latinorum, Carmina Medii Aevi Posterioris Latina 1 (Göttingen, 1959); Ergänzungen und Berichtigung, Carmina Medii Aevi Posterioris Latina 1/1 (1969) [cited by no.]

ILRJH Albert-Marie Denis et al., with Jean-Claude Haelewyck, Introduction à la littérature religieuse judéo-hellénistique: Pseudépigraphes de l’Ancien Testament, 2 vols (Turnhout, 2000)

ISLMAH Manuel C. Díaz y Díaz, Index Scriptorum Latinorum Medii Aevi Hispanorum (Madrid, 1959

Kaster Robert A. Kaster, “Prosopography,” in his Guardians of Language: The Grammarian and Society in Late Antiquity (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1988), pp 233– 440 [cited by author no.]

KVS Hermann Josef Frede, Kirchenschriftsteller: Verzeichnis und Sigel, 4th ed., Vetus Latina: Die Reste der altlateinische Bibel 1/1 (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1996), with an Aktualisierungsheft 2004 by Roger Gryson [superseded by RG]

LMA Lexikon des Mittelalters, ed. Robert Auty et al. (Munich and Stuttgart, 1977– )

LTK Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. Josef Höfer and Karl Rahner, 2nd ed., 10 vols and an index (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1957–67)

Manitius Max Manitius, Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters, 3 vols, Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft 9 (Munich, 1911–31)

Mansi Sacrorum Conciliorum Nova et Amplissima Collectio, ed. Giovan Domenico Mansi, 54 vols in 58 (Paris, 1901–27; reprinted Graz, 1960–61)

MCOE A Microfiche Concordance to Old English: The List of Texts and Index of Editions, compiled by Antonette diPaolo Healey and Richard L. Venezky (Toronto, 1980)

MGH Monumenta Germaniae Historica
  • AA Auctores Antiquissimi
  • CAC Concilia Aevi Carolini
  • ECA Epistolae Carolini Aevi
  • ES Epistolae Selectae
  • PLAC Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini
  • QG Quellen zur Geistesgeschichte des Mittelalters
  • SRG Scriptores Rerum Germanicarum
  • SRL Scriptores Rerum Langobardicarum et Italicarum
  • SRM Scriptores Rerum Merovingicarum

ML Michael Lapidge, “Surviving Booklists from Anglo-Saxon England,” in Learning and Literature in Anglo-Saxon England: Studies Presented to Peter Clemoes on the Occasion of His Sixty-Fifth Birthday, ed. Michael Lapidge and Helmut Gneuss (Cambridge, 1985), pp 33–89 [Checked against the revised versions in ASL, but noted only when different]

NCE New Catholic Encyclopedia, ed. Thomas Carson, Joann Cerrito, et al., 2nd ed., 15 vols (Detroit, Mich., and Washington, D.C., 2003)

NRK N. R. Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (1957; reprinted with a supplement, Oxford, 1990)

NTA New Testament Apocrypha, ed. Wilhelm Schneemelcher, translation ed. R. McL. Wilson, revised ed., 2 vols (Louisville, Ky., and Cambridge, 1991)

NTAP James H. Charlesworth with James R. Mueller, The New Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha: A Guide to Publications, with Excursuses on Apocalypses, ATLA Bibliography Series 17 (Metuchen, N.J., 1987)

OCD Oxford Classical Dictionary, ed. Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, 3rd revised ed. (Oxford, 2003)

OCD2 Oxford Classical Dictionary, ed. N. G. L. Hammond and H. H. Scullard, 2nd ed. (Oxford, 1970)

ODCC Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, ed. E. A. Livingstone, 3rd ed. (London, 1997)

ODNB Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, ed. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison, 60 vols (Oxford, 2004)

OLD Oxford Latin Dictionary, ed. P. G. W. Glare, 2 vols (Oxford, 1968–82)

OTP Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, ed. James H. Charlesworth, 2 vols (London, 1983–85)

PASE Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England database: <www.pase.ac.uk/>

Pat. Patrology, 4 vols: vols 1–3 ed. Johannes Quasten (Westminster, Md., 1950–60); vol 4 ed. Angelo di Berardino, trans. Placid Solari (1986)

PD The Homiliary of Paul the Deacon, as reconstructed by Réginald Grégoire, Homéliaires liturgiques médiévaux: Analyse de manuscrits, Biblioteca degli “Studi Medievali” 12 (Spoleto, 1980), pp 423–78 [cited by pars and no.]

PG Patrologia Graeca, ed. J.-P. Migne, 161 vols (Paris, 1857–66)

PL Patrologia Latina, ed. J.-P. Migne, 221 vols (Paris, 1844–64)

PLS Patrologiae Latinae Supplementum, ed. Adalbert Hamman, 5 vols (Paris, 1958–74)

RAC Reallexikon für Antike und Christentum: Sachwörterbuch zur Auseinandersetzung des Christentums mit der antiken Welt, ed. Theodor Klauser et al. (Stuttgart, 1950– )

RBMA Friedrich Stegmüller, Repertorium Biblicum Medii Aevi, 11 vols (Madrid, 1950–80) [cited by no.]

RE Paulys Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft. Neue Bearbeitung, unter Mitwirkung zahlreicher fachgenossen hrsg. von G. Wissowa, ed. Georg Wissowa, Wilhelm Kroll, Karl Mittelhaus, and Konrat Ziegler, 49 vols in 58 (Stuttgart, 1893–1980)

RFHMA Repertorium Fontium Historiae Medii Aevi primum ab Augusto Potthast digestum, nunc cura collegii historicorum e pluribus nationibus emendatum et auctum (Rome, 1962– )

RG Roger Gryson, Répertoire général des auteurs ecclésiastiques latins de l’antiquité et du haut Moyen Âge, 5th ed., 2 vols, Vetus Latina: Die Reste der altlateinische Bibel 1/15 (Freiburg im Breisgau, 2007) [supersedes KVS]

RGA Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde, ed. Heinrich Beck et al., 2nd ed., 35 vols (Berlin and New York, 1967–2007)

RS “Rolls Series”: Rerum Britannicarum Medii Aevi Scriptores (London, 1858–96)

S P. H. Sawyer, Anglo-Saxon Charters: An Annotated List and Bibliography, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks (London, 1968); revised, augmented, and updated online by S. E. Kelly and S. M. Miller as “The Electronic Sawyer” at: <www.trin.cam.ac.uk/chartwww/eSawyer.99/eSawyer2.html> [cited by no.]

SC Falconer Madan and H. H. E. Craster, A Summary Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, 7 vols (Oxford, 1895–1953) [cited by no.]

Schanz-Hosius Martin Schanz, Geschichte der römanischen Literatur bis zum Gesetzgebungswerk des Kaisers Justinian, 4th ed. revised by Carl Hosius, 4 vols in 5, Handbuch der Altertumswissenschaft 8 (Munich, 1927–59)

SChr Sources chrétiennes (Paris, 1940– )

SEHI James F. Kenney, Sources for the Early History of Ireland. Volume I: Ecclesiastical (1929; reprinted with addenda by Ludwig Bieler, New York, 1966) [cited by no.]

SLE José Carlos Martín, with Carmen Cardelle de Hartmann and Jacques Elfassi, Sources latines de l'Espagne tardo-antique et médiévale (Ve-XIVe siècles). Répertoire bibliographique, Documents, études et répertoires publiés par l'Institut de Recherche et d'Histoire des Textes 77 (Paris, 2010)

SS The Publications of the Surtees Society (London, 1835– )

TRE Theologische Realenzyklopädie, ed. Horst Robert Balz, Gerhard Krause, and Gerhard Müller (Berlin and New York, 1976– )

TU Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur: Archiv für die griechisch-christlichen Schriftsteller der ersten [drei] Jahrhunderte (Leipzig and Berlin, 1882– )